|The Legion of Christ and Regnum Christi: History of their shared charism and service to the Church.|
|Regnum Christi is one of the new ecclesial movements. In Pentecost 1998, a large number of members met with Pope John Paul II and the other movements in Rome.|
Below, we present a brief chronology of the most important
dates in the history of Regnum Christi and the Legion
3rd, Fr Marcial Maciel (1920-2008) founds the Legion of Christ
in Mexico City.
In an audience on June 12th, Pope Pius XII
says that the new religious congregation must contribute to
the formation of Catholic leaders, especially in Latin America.
The Cumbres Institute (a school)
opens in Mexico City. Through formative and spiritual activities,
the students and families can share in the spirituality
and apostolic ideals of the Legionaries of Christ. In 2014,
66,653 students benefitted from the formation in the faith
that the Legion of Christ offers, in 121 schools, in
See undertakes an apostolic visitation of the Legion of
Christ. Fr. Maciel is removed from functions as general
director during this period. Three years later, in 1959,
the investigation ends and Fr. Maciel is reinstated as
Cardinal Clemente Micara
consecrates the minor basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe
and Saint Phillip, martyr, in Rome. The basilica is
entrusted to the pastoral care of the Legionaries of
The first draft
of what will be the statutes of a movement
for lay people is drafted. Shortly after, the name
Regnum Christi (Kingdom of Christ) is chosen.
The Interamerican Cultural Center is inaugurated in Mexico
City for the formation of lay people.
|In 1964, the first Mano Amiga school was founded for underprivileged children. The purpose of the schools is to help lift up not only the student, but also his social surroundings.|
Opening of the Anahuac University in
Mexico City. In 2014, 34,060 college students pursued degrees
in 5 countries in 16 universities and institutes of
The first “Mano Amiga” (Helping
Hands) school is opened, in order to offer underprivileged children
a top quality education. In 2014, 19,153 underprivileged students
studied in 34 Mano Amiga schools spread throughout Mexico,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Chile, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina and the
In February, Pope
Paul VI grants the Decretum Laudis (Decree of Praise)
to the Legion of Christ. With this act, the Legion,
which until the moment had been under the authority
of the diocese of Rome, ceased to be of
“diocesan rite” and began to depend directly on the authority
of the Holy See. The same act approved the
Legion’s constitutions “ad experimentum.”
In March, the first
Regnum Christi center is opened in Madrid, Spain.
On January 3, the first
group of lay people officially join the Regnum Christi Movement
in the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar
in Zaragoza, Spain.
summer, the first groups of Mexican lay people are incorporated
into Regnum Christi.
December 8, the consecrated life in Regnum Christi is begun
with the consecration of a group of six young
|ECYD members try to be friends of Jesus. They gather in groups for formative and apostolic activities.|
The first formation center for consecrated women is founded in
Foundation of ECYD (Education,
Culture, and Youth Development): an international organization of children
and adolescents who make an alliance with Christ and each
other to build a better world.
The first international Regnum Christi convention
is held in Ontaneda, Spain.
On January 25 in Cubas de la Sagra (Toledo,
Spain), men’s consecrated life in Regnum Christi begins with
the consecration of two young men. In December, they
will be joined by seven more.
various ECYD clubs are founded: Club San Pablo in
Salamanca (February 1972), Club Faro in Monterrey, and Club
Kilimanjaro in Mexico City (September 1972), and the Crystal
Lake Youth Center in the United States (November 1972). Shortly
afterward, Club Vetta was founded in Rome (January 1973)
and Club Everest in Madrid (May 1973). In June,
2014, there were 10,034 members in ECYD throughout the
the first International ECYD Convention is held in Ontaneda, Santander
Omega” center for family counseling is founded in Mexico
City and the Escuela de la Fe (School of
the Faith) Institute is founded to form educators and teachers
of the faith.
On June 29, the Holy See gives its definitive
approval to the Constitutions of the Legion of Christ.
In July, the first coworkers’ course is held
in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Coworkers (now called Mission Corps volunteers) are
young people give one, two, or more years working in
team of Regnum Christi youth in Mexico City founds
“Gente Nueva” (New People), an organization that aims to
promote human values among young people. It was the first
apostolate in the Movement which was founded by lay
people. It quickly grew, expanding to other cities and
|Evangelization missions are a support for the parishes and the dicoesan pastoral programs.|
About 100 youth
carry out evangelization missions in rural Mexico. This marks the
beginning of the apostolate “Juventud Misionera,” which in English-speaking
countries is called Mission Youth.
CEFID (“Centro de formación integral a
distancia”) is founded in Mexico. It offered formation
tools by correspondence to Regnum Christi members. Today The
Regnum Christi Spirituality Center offers these services to English
speaking Regnum Christi members.
On the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the
Legion of Christ, Pope John Paul II ordains 60
new priests in St Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican. At
the same time, the first world Regnum Christi event
is held in Rome, gathering thousands of members.
During Holy Week, “Juventud Misionera”
(Mission Youth) organizes the first “Megamission” in Mexico, with
1,500 youth participating. The following year, families also begin
to participate in the “Megamission.” Each year since 1994, Regnum
Christi has organized “Megamissions” in Mexico during Holy Week.
In 2014, 18,000 missionaries participated, evangelizing in 2,000 rural
founded as a Catholic formation program for children. Its purpose
is to strengthen the family as the school of
evangelization and to make each home a domestic church.
The English equivalent is K4J.
On the 60th anniversary of the foundation of the
Legion of Christ, the first International Youth and Family
Encounter is held in Rome, culminating in an audience
granted by Pope John Paul II to the participants in
St Peter’s Square.
Pilgrim Queen of the Family is born.
On November 26, the Holy See grants definitive
approval to the Regnum Christi Movement Statutes.
|Fr Alvaro Corcuera, LC|
The Third General Chapter of the
Legion of Christ elects Fr. Marcial Maciel as general
director. After Fr. Maciel declines re-election, Fr Álvaro Corcuera,
LC, is elected as the general director of the
Legion of Christ and Regnum Christi.
The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, after
investigating the accusations against Fr. Maciel, publishes its decision to invite Fr. Maciel “to a reserved life of
prayer and penance, renouncing all public ministry.”
On January 30, Fr Marcial
Maciel passes away in Jacksonville, Florida.
In February, the congregation of the
Legionaries of Christ publicly confirms that Fr. Maciel had
a daughter in the context of a prolonged relationship with
a woman, and other grave misconduct.
In March, Pope Benedict XVI decides to initiate an
apostolic visitation to the institutions of the Legion of
Christ. The apostolic visitation, carried out by five bishops,
begins on July 15th and ends on May 1st,
2010. The bishops published their conclusions after submitting them
to the Holy Father.
|Archbishop Velasio De Paolis, SC|
Pope Benedict appoints Archbishop Velasio De Paolis as
pontifical delegate, with the task of guiding the congregation
of the Legionaries of Christ through a process of
revision and renewal.
In October, an apostolic
visitation to the consecrated members of Regnum Christi is
also announced, to be carried out by Archbishop Ricardo
The Legion of Christ
begins the process of revising its Constitutions.
Archbishop Blázquez carries out the apostolic visit to the
consecrated members of Regnum Christi and submits his report
to the Pontifical Delegate.
Cardinal De Paolis disconnects the government of the Consecrated
Women and of the Lay Consecrated Men from the
government of the Legionaries of Christ, creating a distinct
government for each branch. Jorge López is named director
for the lay consecrated men. Gloria Rodríguez is named
director for the consecrated women.
Between January and July, the consecrated women and
lay consecrated men produce the drafts of their respective
During the summer, the process
of revising the Constitutions of the Legion of Christ comes
to an end.
In November, the
first General Assembly of the Lay Consecrated Men of
Regnum Christi is held. Jorge López is elected as general
director. The Assembly also elects the rest of
their general government and submits their statutes for approval. The
Pontifical Delegate approves their statutes ad experimentum on December
In December, the first
General Assembly of the Consecrated Women of Regnum Christi is
held. Gloria Rodríguez is elected as general director. The
Assembly also elects the rest of their general government
and submits their statutes for approval. The Pontifical Delegate approves
their statutes ad experimentum on December 12th.
In January and February,
the Extraordinary General Chapter of the Legionaries of Christ
is held. The Chapter submits the Legion’s Constitutions to
the Holy See for approval and elects Fr. Eduardo
Robles-Gil, LC, as general director, along with his council. On
February 25th, the Chapter ends and, with it, the
mandate of the Pontifical Delegate. The Legion of Christ and
Regnum Christi once again depend on the Congregation
for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic
On July 3rd, the Holy
See names Fr. Gianfranco Ghirlanda pontifical assistant to the
Legion’s government, with the principal task of helping arrive at
a definitive canonical configuration for Regnum Christi.
The process to revise the part of the Statutes
of Regnum Christi that affects the lay members of the
Movement begins in October.
16th, the Holy See approves the Constitutions of the
Congregation of the Legionaries of Christ.